A weaving loom machine is a machine used to weave fabric and tapestry on a frame. The primary function of any weaving loom is to hold both the warp threads under consistent tension to assist the interweaving of the weft yarn threads. The exact mechanism and the shape of the weaving loom can vary; however, the fundamental purpose remains the same.
To better understand how the anatomy of a weaving loom, one must first understand the basic mechanisms involved in the process. Like other machines and tools, a weaving loom has a number of major parts that make it up. Firstly, there is the shuttle which has two spindles on either side that threads yarn through the machine. To prevent yarn from being damaged when being pulled through the machine, a shuttle handle is usually attached. This handle allows the shuttle to be pushed back and forth by hand or operated motor. Next, there are the wefts, which are the vertical shafts of yarn that run through the machine and onto the shuttle.
Once the wefts reach the end of the spindle, they are caught by a tassel. The tassel is made up of a spring clip that attaches to the wefts at the end of the spindle. The spring-clip pulls the tassel closed, trapping the yarn inside the weaving loom. The next step is to place the needle at the center of the loom, with the shuttle acting as the shuttle threads and the needle acting as the spool to wrap the yarn and pull it through the loom.
The next step is the popping action which causes the wefts to be drawn through the spindle. This action is caused by the force of gravity. When the tapestry needle pulls the yarns through the spindle, the needle forces them to be drawn through the spool by the tapestry needle, and this causes the yarns to spin. It is important that the tapestry needle and the spool of thread remain perpendicular to the spindle while the weft yarns are spun around the tapestry needle. After the spool of thread is completed, the needle is removed, and the spool of thread is passed through the spindle, with the tapestry needle remaining behind for a final pull of the yarn.
A final step of setting up a loom involves setting up the warp threads. The weft yarns will need to be placed inside the spool, with the warp threads tied directly to the spindle with tacky tape. Once all the threads are tied down, the spindle may need to be turned to allow the threads to pass through the lollipop frame and onto the spool. The spindle should be turned until the threads are lined up correctly. Once this step has been completed, the weft yarns are ready to be woven into cloth.
After the weft yarns have been placed onto the spool and the lollipop frame is turned, the spool may need to be pulled up slightly to help the wefts run through the lollipop. To help keep the wefts from sticking to each other, the spool can be turned on its side, or the bottom rubbed with a dampened finger to help the wefts run through easier. Once the spool is pulled up, the excess yarn can be trimmed away. The finished product will measure approximately two inches wide and six inches tall. If more than one yard of fabric is needed, it may be split into three sections, and the extra sections cut individually to fit on the spool.
A weaver's wheel may also be used as an alternative to a welder. The difference between the two tools is that the welder uses a trowel in order to accomplish a tight weave, and the weaver uses a wheel (sometimes called a spinning loom) in order to attain a looser weave. The wheel can be turned while the weaves are being completed, or it can be turned by hand to prevent too much material from spooling up. The wheel can either be hand or powered by a spindle. Using the spindle is often more efficient because of the weight and force the wheel can exert.
These are the two main methods used to complete the weaving process. There are many other different types of weaving looms, but these two are the most common. There are also different types of materials used for the thread, but they all ultimately come down to two basic processes, one of which involves hand manipulation of a spindle and the other using a loom.